Category: DEFAULT

Schach wiki

4 Comments

Die sogenannte Unsterbliche Partie ist eine der berühmtesten der. Schach (von persisch šāh Schah / شاه /‚König' – daher die Bezeichnung „das königliche Spiel“) ist ein strategisches Brettspiel, bei dem zwei Spieler. Großmeister (Abkürzung GM) ist der höchste vom Weltschachbund FIDE.

wiki schach - any

In der Eröffnung ist es in der Regel sinnvoll, den König durch eine baldige Rochade in Sicherheit zu bringen. Schachspielerinnen können auch die allgemeinen, höher eingeschätzten Titel bekommen. Von Spanien aus verbreitete sich Schach nach Italien und in die Provence. Abzugsschach und Doppelschach können entscheidende Wirkung haben, weil der Gegner auf das Schachgebot reagieren muss und die Folgen des Zuges der abziehenden Figur hinnehmen muss. Die Partie endet dann unentschieden. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Das Königsgambit war zu Anderssens Zeiten eine sehr beliebte Eröffnung. Im Jahr wurde der Deutsche Schachbund gegründet. Magnus Carlsen og sjakkspillet in Norwegian. Retrieved 16 December Archived from the original on 17 October schach wiki Directed by Benjamin Ree. Archived from the original on 6 June He defeated Caruana and Aronian in rounds 1 and 3, respectively, but lost to So in round 6. Programming a Computer for Playing Chess. Retrieved 5 January This audio file was created from a revision of the article " Chess " casino titan tragamonedas gratis sin descargarand does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. Petrosian 21 to 4 clams casino lil b the first round, and beat Alexander Grischuk 16 to 8 in the semi-final. As part of it, Carlsen took on an online audience dubbed as "The World" with the white pieces and won.

Retrieved 21 August The prodigies are through". Retrieved 3 June Schachserver der Wiener Zeitung Austria ". Archived from the original on 1 September Anand wins with two point lead".

New in Chess 5: Retrieved 5 April Gata Kamsky in the Final". Aronian, Carlsen win Wijk aan Zee ". All games drawn, Anand wins Super-GM". Carlsen wins the rapid chess match 5: Carlsen wins by a full point".

Anand punishes Carlsen in Grenkeleasing final". Anand to face Carlsen in Grenkeleasing final". Topalov wins Bilbao, leads in live rankings". All games drawn, Grischuk wins on tiebreak".

Carlsen wins Pearl Spring with performance". New York Times Chess Blog. Carlsen wins by three-point margin". Carlsen wins Chess Classic".

Archived from the original on 28 January The Internet Chess Club. Archived from the original on 18 July Retrieved 30 November Carlsen and Kasparov join forces".

The Year-Old King of Chess". Retrieved 9 September Carlsen and Ivanchuk win 19th Amber". Magnus Carlsen wins with two-point lead".

Carlsen gets "hammered", reaches final". The Week in Chess. Archived from the original on 20 December United States Chess Federation.

Retrieved 16 December New in Chess 1: Carlsen—Karjakin draw, Carlsen wins Medias ". Caruana beats Morozevich, Carlsen wins Biel ". Archived from the original on 27 March Aronian is sole winner!

Carlsen takes title in blitz tiebreak". Retrieved 26 November Retrieved 3 November Archived from the original on 16 January Carlsen first, Kramnik second, both with big wins".

Retrieved 27 January Retrieved 1 April Retrieved 18 May Gelfand wins, Carlsen clear second". Retrieved 23 June Archived from the original on 2 July Retrieved 11 July Retrieved 16 September Magnus Carlsen is the new World Champion!

Archived from the original on 24 November Retrieved 22 November Retrieved 23 January Retrieved 22 March From Fool to King".

Retrieved 30 March Retrieved 8 May Retrieved 20 June Retrieved 23 August Draws end magnificent event". Retrieved 18 October Retrieved 25 January Carlsen wins in Armageddon!

Retrieved 10 February Retrieved 18 June Retrieved 25 June Retrieved 12 October Grischuk wins third title". Russia triumphs with double gold".

Carlsen takes title in thrilling final round". Magnus Carlsen wins fifth title". Carlsen beats Giri and wins tournament".

Retrieved 10 October Aronian misses win in exciting finale". Magnus Carlsen runs away with event". Phenomenal performance by Magnus.

As I said during the round, it looked like everyone else was playing blitz while he was playing chess!

Retrieved 14 December Ding Liren — Champions Showdown ". Three winners one playoff! St Petersburg, Monaco Take Titles".

Retrieved 28 December Retrieved 30 December Retrieved 13 June Retrieved 15 February Views and News from Norway. Retrieved 18 April Retrieved 12 February Topalov topples Anand, Carlsen No.

Archived from the original on 18 August Anand now number one". Retrieved 6 January Individual Calculations January ".

Retrieved 16 February Barden on chess Sport". Archived from the original on 16 July Retrieved 29 November The Chess Mind Blog. Carlsen is a combination of Retrieved 19 November Retrieved 21 November Retrieved 2 January Retrieved 27 May Retrieved 5 June New in Chess 8: Retrieved 17 February Retrieved 8 January A relationship between chess skill and intelligence has long been discussed in the literature and popular culture.

Academic studies of the relationship date back at least to There are more than two thousand published chess variants, [] most of them of relatively recent origin, [] including:.

In the context of chess variants, regular i. FIDE chess is commonly referred to as Western chess , international chess , orthodox chess , orthochess , and classic chess.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Western board game. For other chess games or other uses, see Chess disambiguation.

Part of a Staunton chess set Left to right: Initial position, first row: Moves of the king. Moves of a rook. Moves of a bishop. Moves of the queen.

Moves of a knight. Moves of a pawn. The black king is in check by the rook. White is in checkmate , being unable to escape attack by the black bishops.

Black is not in check and has no legal move. The result is stalemate. The " Immortal Game ", Anderssen vs.

Chess in the arts. A chess party with live figures in Bitola , Square names in algebraic chess notation. Chess libraries , List of chess books , and List of chess periodicals.

Chess portal Strategy games portal. The Spanish "x" was pronounced as English "sh", as the Portuguese "x" still is today. The spelling of ajedrez changed after Spanish lost the "sh" sound.

Archived from the original on 22 July Retrieved 20 July Retrieved 29 November Archived from the original on 23 October Retrieved 22 October Consejo Superior de Deportes.

Archived from the original on 4 October Retrieved 4 October Archived from the original on 5 August Retrieved 1 June Archived from the original on 9 February Retrieved 1 December Archived from the original on 8 March Archived from the original on 11 May Archived PDF from the original on 30 January Retrieved 3 March Archived from the original on 29 December Retrieved 26 November Chess History and Reminiscences.

Archived from the original on 4 June The Chess Variant Pages. Archived from the original on 6 June Retrieved 12 December Archived from the original on 25 December Archived from the original on 1 September Archived from the original on 24 March Archived from the original on 26 October Archived from the original on 28 January Retrieved 4 September Archived from the original on 22 December Archived from the original on 26 December Retrieved 13 December Archived from the original on 4 February Retrieved 13 January Online at University of Oregon.

Retrieved by Internet Archive, The Second Book of the Courtier. Archived from the original on 18 August Retrieved 7 May The Game and Playe of the Chesse.

Retrieved 20 May Archived from the original on 30 December Retrieved 30 December Archived from the original PDF on 26 April Archived from the original on 1 June Retrieved 30 May Archived from the original on 13 February Retrieved 11 February Algebraic notation" in "E.

Archived from the original on 11 December Archived from the original on 5 December Archived from the original on 10 January Archived from the original on 22 August Archived from the original on 23 November Retrieved 22 November Hou Yifan is World Champion".

Retrieved 6 August Archived from the original on 27 February Retrieved 28 August International Title Regulations Qualification Commission ".

Archived from the original on 20 December Archived from the original on 22 January Retrieved 16 January A History of Chess. The Oxford Companion to Chess.

Retrieved on 11 January Archived from the original on 2 June In , Susan Polgar stated that Schmid "has over 20, chess books". Archived from the original on 10 February Dirk Jan ten Geuzendam states that Schmid "boasts to have amassed 50, chess books.

Archived from the original on 29 June Archived 6 December at the Wayback Machine Mathworld. Retrieved 5 December Archived from the original on 13 June Archived from the original on 9 May Programming a Computer for Playing Chess.

Philosophical Magazine , Ser. Available online at " computerhistory. Archived from the original PDF on 15 March Retrieved 30 November The Week in Chess.

Archived from the original on 30 September The New York Times. Cited from Eichhorn, Christoph: Der Beginn der Formalen Spieltheorie: Zermelo , Uni-Muenchen.

Retrieved 23 March Archived from the original on 7 June Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Technology: Combinatorial Game Theory in Chess Endgames".

Archived from the original PDF on 12 May Retrieved 21 March Archived PDF from the original on 18 July Archived PDF from the original on 8 August Necessary But Not Sufficient".

Current Directions in Psychological Science. The Encyclopedia of Chess Variants. For competitions starting before 1 July ". Archived from the original on 23 August Archived from the original on 20 April Retrieved 20 April A; Joel David Hamkins New Rules for Classic Games.

The form of chess most people know—which is sometimes referred to as Western chess, orthodox chess, or orthochess—is itself just one of many that have been played throughout history.

University of Pennsylvania Press. Bird, Henry Edward [First published ]. The Mammoth Book of Chess. A Short History of Chess. Thought and Choice in Chess English ed.

Perception and Memory in Chess: Heuristics of the Professional Eye. Estes, Rebecca; Robinson, Dindy World Cultures Through Art Activities.

New Ideas in Chess. Pitman Dover edition. Franklin, Benjamin []. Dennoch kann Schwarz mattsetzen. Ein solcher Bauer kann nur noch durch gegnerische Figuren am Erreichen der gegnerischen Grundreihe und damit an der Umwandlung gehindert werden.

Zwei unmittelbar nebeneinander stehende Bauern einer Partei bezeichnet man als Bauernduo. Ein Bauernduo ist eine sehr wirksame Formation, weil es die vor ihm befindlichen vier Felder beherrscht.

Ein isolierter Bauer Isolani kann ein Nachteil sein, da er leicht von gegnerischen Figuren blockiert werden kann: Zwei Bauern einer Farbe, die auf einer Linie hintereinander stehen, nennt man Doppelbauer.

Ein Doppelbauer ist normalerweise ein Nachteil, da die beiden Bauern sich gegenseitig die Deckung durch eigene Figuren erschweren und gleichzeitig die Blockade durch gegnerische Figuren erleichtern.

Ein isolierter Doppelbauer wird auch als Doppel-Isolani, drei hintereinander stehende isolierte Bauern werden als Tripel-Isolani bezeichnet.

Zwei oder mehr Bauern in einer diagonalen Anordnung nennt man Bauernkette. Das Schachspiel hat neben den spielerischen Aspekten auch spezielle psychologische Komponenten.

Diese Wertungszahl beruht auf den Methoden der Statistik und der Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie. In der Abgabenordnung gilt Schach ausnahmsweise als Sport.

Seit es mechanische Rechenmaschinen gibt, hat man auch Schachcomputer gebaut. Es zeichnet sich allerdings ab, dass der Mensch langfristig gegen die stetig anwachsende Rechenkraft der Computer nicht bestehen kann.

Dagegen sind spekulative kombinatorische Angriffe im Spiel gegen Computer nicht erfolgversprechend. Die beiden Gewinnpartien Kramniks resultierten aus genauem Positionsspiel.

Dabei kann jeder Preisrichter bis zu vier Punkte in Halbpunktschritten vergeben. Neben verschiedenen Schachvarianten , bei denen teils andere Bretter und Figuren benutzt werden, gibt es folgende spezielle Schachformen:.

Motive aus dem Schachspiel finden in der Heraldik Verwendung. Von den aktuellen Staatswappen zeigt das der Republik Kroatien ein Schachbrettmuster.

Das Schachspiel wird gerne in Filmen eingesetzt — oft, um die Intelligenz, Weltfremdheit oder Machtposition der betreffenden Person zu unterstreichen, oder um einen Konflikt zwischen den jeweiligen Charakteren zu inszenieren.

Ein Beispiel ist Stanley Kubricks Film Odyssee im Weltraum , in dem der Bordcomputer des Raumschiffs gegen ein Besatzungsmitglied gewinnt.

Das existenzialistische Drama Das siebente Siegel des schwedischen Regisseurs Ingmar Bergman dreht sich um einen Ritter, der gegen den personifizierten Tod um sein Leben spielt.

Mehrere Episoden der Fernsehserie Raumschiff Enterprise von zeigen die Hauptfiguren Kirk und Spock bei einem dreidimensionalen Schachspiel , das die Weiterentwicklung der Gesellschaft in der fiktiven Zukunft demonstrieren soll.

Auch in der bildenden Kunst war das Schachspiel seit jeher ein beliebtes Thema. Unter den Surrealisten befanden sich z.

Agdestein said that Carlsen had an excellent memory and played an unusually wide range of openings. The blitz tournament was a preliminary event leading up to a rapid knockout tournament beginning the next day.

In that event, Carlsen was paired with Garry Kasparov , then the top-rated player in the world. Carlsen achieved a draw in their first game but lost the second, and was thus knocked out of the tournament.

A two-game match between them was arranged to decide the title. In the Norwegian Chess Championship, Carlsen again finished in shared first place, this time with his mentor Simen Agdestein.

A playoff between them was played between 7 and 10 November. This time, Carlsen had the better tiebreaks, but the rule giving the title to the player with better tiebreak scores in the event of a 1—1 draw had been revoked previously.

The match was closely fought—Agdestein won the first game, Carlsen the second—so the match went into a series of two-game rapid matches until there was a winner.

Carlsen won the first rapid game, Agdestein the second. Then followed three draws until Agdestein won the championship title with a victory in the sixth rapid game.

In the knockout tournament, he upset the 44th-ranked Zurab Azmaiparashvili in round one, and proceeded to defeat Farrukh Amonatov and Ivan Cheparinov to reach the round of Thus, Carlsen finished in tenth place and became the youngest player to be an official World Championship Candidate.

Carlsen qualified for a place in the Corus B group due to his first-place finish in Corus group C in After two draws at standard time controls, Carlsen won both rapid games in round two, securing his first Norwegian championship win.

Carlsen won the Glitnir Blitz Tournament in Iceland. He finished ninth in a group of 18 participants in the associated blitz tournament, which was won by Anand.

Carlsen played for the first time in the Melody Amber blind and rapid chess tournament in Monte Carlo in March. In the 11 rounds, he achieved eight draws and three losses in the blindfold games, as well as three wins, seven draws and one loss in the rapid games.

This resulted in a shared ninth place in the blindfold, shared second place in the rapid behind Anand , and a shared eighth place overall.

Eventually, Aronian eliminated Carlsen from the tournament after winning both tiebreak blitz games. His score was matched by Alexander Onischuk and they played a match to break the tie.

After drawing two rapid and two blitz games, Carlsen won the armageddon game. In the first round, Carlsen conceded a draw to his classmate Brede Hagen rated [58] after having a lost position at one point.

Carlsen reached the semi-final round of the World Chess Cup in December, after defeating Michael Adams in the round of 16 and Ivan Cheparinov in the quarterfinals.

Carlsen won five games, lost two and drew six, sharing first place with Levon Aronian. In March, Carlsen played for the second time in the Melody Amber blind and rapid chess tournament, held in Nice for the first time.

In the 11 rounds he achieved four wins, four draws and two losses in the blindfold, and three wins, two losses, and six draws in the rapid.

This resulted in a shared fifth place in the blindfold, shared third place in the rapid and a shared second place in the overall tournament.

In the first tournament, in Baku , Azerbaijan, he finished in a three-way tie for first place, with another PR. He later withdrew from the Grand Prix cycle despite his initial success, criticising FIDE for "changing the rules dramatically in the middle of a World Championship cycle".

Carlsen won a rapid match against Peter Leko held in Miskolc , Hungary, scoring 5—3. He lost to eventual winner Alexei Shirov in their final game, dropping him from first.

By rating performance, this was one of the greatest results in history, with a PR of His score of 28 wins, 6 draws and 8 losses left him three points ahead of Anand, who finished in second place.

In November , however, Carlsen announced he was withdrawing from the Candidates Tournament. Carlsen described the —12 cycle as "[not] sufficiently modern and fair", and wrote that "Reigning champion privileges, the long five-year span of the cycle, changes made during the cycle resulting in a new format Candidates that no World Champion has had to go through since Kasparov, puzzling ranking criteria as well as the shallow ceaseless match-after-match concept are all less than satisfactory in my opinion.

Responding to a question in an interview with Time magazine in December as to whether he used computers when studying chess, Carlsen explained that he does not use a chess set when studying on his own.

His ninth-round loss to Kramnik ended a streak of 36 rated games undefeated. In March it was announced that Carlsen had split from Kasparov and would no longer use him as a trainer, [89] although this was put into different context by Carlsen himself in an interview with the German magazine Der Spiegel , in which he stated that they would remain in contact and he would continue to attend training sessions with Kasparov.

Kasparov gave me a great deal of practical help. That was the most important thing. Carlsen shared first place alongside Ivanchuk in the Amber blindfold and rapid tournament.

Carlsen had also helped Anand prepare for the World Chess Championships in and Along with Carlsen, the finals consisted of World Champion Anand and the highest two scorers from the preliminary stage held in Shanghai in September: In his second round, Carlsen lost with the white pieces to Anand; this was his first loss as White since January With early wins over Bacrot, Wang Yue, and Topalov with white, Carlsen took the early lead, extending his winning streak with white in Nanjing to eight.

This streak was halted by a draw to Anand in round seven, but in the penultimate round Carlsen secured first place by defeating Topalov with black.

This was his second victory in the tournament over the former world No. Carlsen had a rocky start, losing his games to McShane and Anand in rounds 1 and 3, but winning with white against Adams and Nakamura in rounds 2 and 4.

He joined the lead with a win over Howell in round 5, and managed to stay in the lead following a harrowing draw against Kramnik in round 6, before defeating Short in the last round.

Carlsen won his White games against Nakamura, Nisipeanu, and Ivanchuk and drew the rest of the games. Carlsen won the 44th Biel Grandmaster tournament , held from 16 to 29 July.

Carlsen then won the blitz tiebreak against Ivanchuk. Another tournament victory was achieved in the Tal Memorial in Moscow 16—25 November as a round robin with ten players.

Carlsen won two games, against Gelfand and Nakamura, and drew the rest. Although he finished equal on points with Aronian, he placed ahead since the tiebreak was determined by the number of black games; Carlsen had five black games, while Aronian only had four.

Carlsen won three games and drew five. Although he did not win the tournament, Carlsen gained rating points, rising to a new personal record of In the main event a category 22 ten-player round robin , he won two games and drew seven.

He finished in first place, ahead of Radjabov and Caruana. Carlsen then went on to finish second in the Biel Grandmaster Tournament, with 18 points, just one point behind Wang Hao using the 3—1—0 scoring system.

He also defeated the winner Wang in both of their individual games. Bacrot deprived Carlsen of a win in the classical tournament by holding him to a draw in the final round.

Carlsen won the tournament by winning both tiebreak games against Caruana. As part of it, Carlsen took on an online audience dubbed as "The World" with the white pieces and won.

Carlsen played in the Candidates Tournament , which took place in London, from 15 March to 1 April. As a result, he earned the right to challenge Anand for the World Championship.

In May, Carlsen played in the first edition of Norway Chess tournament. Carlsen played in the Tal Memorial from 12 to 23 June. Thus, Carlsen became the new World Chess Champion.

He drew first blood in game 5 by taking advantage of a small mistake made by Anand, and emerged victorious in games 6 and 9, making him the 16th undisputed World Chess Champion.

He then drew against Karjakin, only to lose two games in a row for the first time in four years, losing to Caruana with black and then with white to Radjabov.

Each of the panel members proposed a move and the public could then vote over the proposed moves. Each panel member was allowed three chances to let chess engine Houdini propose a move during the game.

The game was drawn when Carlsen forced a perpetual check. From 2—13 June, Carlsen played in the second edition of Norway Chess, a ten-man round robin.

Carlsen placed second to Fabiano Caruana in the Sinquefield Cup , a six-player double round robin held from 27 August to 7 September. Billed as the strongest chess tournament ever held, the remaining 4 players in the event were Levon Aronian , Hikaru Nakamura , Veselin Topalov , and Maxime Vachier-Lagrave.

Carlsen lost to Caruana in round 3 and defeated Aronian and Nakamura in rounds 5 and 7, respectively. Carlsen faced Anand in a match for the title of World Chess Champion in Anand qualified by winning the Candidates Tournament.

The rematch was held from 7 to 23 November in Sochi , Russia. However, a string of six wins in a row thrust Carlsen into clear first place.

Drawing the final four games was sufficient to win the tournament with 9 points out of 13, half a point ahead of Anish Giri, Maxime Vachier-Lagrave, Wesley So and Ding Liren.

Carlsen had a poor result in the third edition of Norway Chess, held 15—26 June. In the first round he obtained a winning position against Topalov after pressing in a long endgame, only to lose on time when he mistakenly thought that he would receive 15 minutes of extra time at move He won against Grischuk in round 5, drew against Nakamura and Vachier-Lagrave in rounds 6 and 7, and defeated Aronian in round 8, but he lost the last round against Jon Ludvig Hammer, leaving him in seventh place and with a performance rating of However, he finished the tournament strongly, scoring victories against Peter Leko and Radoslaw Wojtaszek , the latter of whom he had lost to earlier in the year, but his performance was not enough to earn his team a medal, and he lost 16 rating points during the event.

In the 3-way tiebreak, Carlsen was the top seed, meaning he faced the winner of the first tie-break match between Giri and Vachier-Lagrave.

Carlsen eventually won the tournament by defeating Vachier-Lagrave, which meant he also won the overall Grand Chess Tour. His only loss was to Hikaru Nakamura , who had never beaten Carlsen in classical chess before.

Also during this tournament, Carlsen recorded his first victory over Anish Giri in a classical game. Carlsen played ten games for Norway in the 42nd Chess Olympiad , scoring five wins and five draws, as the Norwegians placed 5th among the teams in the open event.

Carlsen also featured in Chess. Magnus defeated Tigran L. Petrosian 21 to 4 in the first round, and beat Alexander Grischuk 16 to 8 in the semi-final.

On 27 October, he faced Nakamura in the final. The game standard match, held between 11 and 28 November, concluded with a 6—6 draw.

The match began with seven consecutive draws. Karjakin won game 8 after Carlsen overpressed, but Carlsen equalised the match in game Games 11 and 12 were both drawn.

After drawing games 1 and 2, Carlsen won games 3 and 4 to record a 3—1 victory and retain his World Champion title.

Carlsen participated in the fifth edition of Norway Chess from 6 to 16 June. He performed poorly and had a performance rating of , his lowest since , at the European Team Chess Championship.

Carlsen then defeated Vachier-Lagrave in the playoff to win the tournament. In September, he took part in the Chess World Cup His participation in the event as World Champion was unusual as the World Cup is part of the cycle to challenge the World Champion in From October to January , Carlsen played in the second edition of Chess.

On 3 January he defeated Nakamura 18—9 in the final, thus winning the tournament for a second time in a row. He defeated Caruana and Aronian in rounds 1 and 3, respectively, but lost to So in round 6.

Retrieved 4 September Archived from the original on 22 December Archived from the original on 26 December Retrieved 13 December Archived from the original on 4 February Retrieved 13 January Online at University of Oregon.

Retrieved by Internet Archive, The Second Book of the Courtier. Archived from the original on 18 August Retrieved 7 May The Game and Playe of the Chesse.

Retrieved 20 May Archived from the original on 30 December Retrieved 30 December Archived from the original PDF on 26 April Archived from the original on 1 June Retrieved 30 May Archived from the original on 13 February Retrieved 11 February Algebraic notation" in "E.

Archived from the original on 11 December Archived from the original on 5 December Archived from the original on 10 January Archived from the original on 22 August Archived from the original on 23 November Retrieved 22 November Hou Yifan is World Champion".

Retrieved 6 August Archived from the original on 27 February Retrieved 28 August International Title Regulations Qualification Commission ". Archived from the original on 20 December Archived from the original on 22 January Retrieved 16 January A History of Chess.

The Oxford Companion to Chess. Retrieved on 11 January Archived from the original on 2 June In , Susan Polgar stated that Schmid "has over 20, chess books".

Archived from the original on 10 February Dirk Jan ten Geuzendam states that Schmid "boasts to have amassed 50, chess books. Archived from the original on 29 June Archived 6 December at the Wayback Machine Mathworld.

Retrieved 5 December Archived from the original on 13 June Archived from the original on 9 May Programming a Computer for Playing Chess.

Philosophical Magazine , Ser. Available online at " computerhistory. Archived from the original PDF on 15 March Retrieved 30 November The Week in Chess.

Archived from the original on 30 September The New York Times. Cited from Eichhorn, Christoph: Der Beginn der Formalen Spieltheorie: Zermelo , Uni-Muenchen.

Retrieved 23 March Archived from the original on 7 June Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Technology: Combinatorial Game Theory in Chess Endgames".

Archived from the original PDF on 12 May Retrieved 21 March Archived PDF from the original on 18 July Archived PDF from the original on 8 August Necessary But Not Sufficient".

Current Directions in Psychological Science. The Encyclopedia of Chess Variants. For competitions starting before 1 July ". Archived from the original on 23 August Archived from the original on 20 April Retrieved 20 April A; Joel David Hamkins New Rules for Classic Games.

The form of chess most people know—which is sometimes referred to as Western chess, orthodox chess, or orthochess—is itself just one of many that have been played throughout history.

University of Pennsylvania Press. Bird, Henry Edward [First published ]. The Mammoth Book of Chess. A Short History of Chess. Thought and Choice in Chess English ed.

Perception and Memory in Chess: Heuristics of the Professional Eye. Estes, Rebecca; Robinson, Dindy World Cultures Through Art Activities.

New Ideas in Chess. Pitman Dover edition. Franklin, Benjamin []. A Benjamin Franklin Reader. The Psychology of Board Games.

Better Chess for Average Players. The Kings of Chess. The Psychology of Chess Skill. Hooper, David ; Whyld, Kenneth The Oxford Companion to Chess, Second edition.

Howard, Kenneth S How to Solve Chess Problems. My Great Predecessors, part I. My Great Predecessors, part II. My Great Predecessors, part IV.

My Great Predecessors, part V. Sports and Games of the Renaissance. The Turk, Chess Automaton. The Genealogy of Chess. Crescendo of the Virtuoso: University of California Press.

Benjamin Press originally published by Oxford University Press. The Oxford History of Board Games. Oxford University Press Inc.

A Cognitive Psychological Approach. The Complete Book of Chess Strategy. Paul Morphy and the Evolution of Chess Theory.

Steinitz, William; Landsberger, Kurt Tamburro, Pete September The Game of Chess. Bobby Fischer for Beginners. Secrets of Modern Chess Strategy.

Office of The Chess Amateur. Qonstructing Queenship, Wielding Power. University of Minnesota Press. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin.

New Series 1 9: Birth of the Chess Queen. Philosophy Looks at Chess. Open Court Publishing Company. Think Like a Grandmaster.

The Art of Chess. Modern Ideas in Chess. This audio file was created from a revision of the article " Chess " dated , and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article.

Bishop and knight checkmate King and pawn vs king Opposite-coloured bishops Pawnless endgame Queen and pawn vs queen Queen vs pawn Rook and bishop vs rook Rook and pawn vs rook Lucena position Philidor position Strategy fortress opposition Tarrasch rule triangulation Zugzwang Study Tablebase Two knights endgame Wrong bishop Wrong rook pawn.

Major invitational recurring international chess tournaments. Strong chess tournaments Mini chess tournaments Round-robin chess tournaments.

Chess competitions National championships Supranational championships. Chess set Chess box Hippogonal Colorbound. Chess Displacement chess Transcendental Chess.

Wildebeest Chess Wolf Chess. Retrieved from " https: Abstract strategy games Chess Individual sports Indian inventions Traditional board games Partially solved games.

Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference Webarchive template wayback links Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism Articles with short description Use dmy dates from May Articles containing Sanskrit-language text Hidden templates using styles Articles containing potentially dated statements from All articles containing potentially dated statements CS1 French-language sources fr CS1: Views Read View source View history.

This page was last edited on 2 February , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Board game Abstract strategy game Mind sport. Casual games usually last 10 to 60 minutes; tournament games last anywhere from about ten minutes fast chess to six hours or more.

Eine Situation, in der eine Figur gleichzeitig zwei oder mehrere Figuren des Gegners angreift, bezeichnet man als Gabelangriff oder kurz Gabel.

Ein Gabelangriff, insbesondere durch einen Bauern oder einen Springer, kann eine spielentscheidende taktische Wendung sein, wenn dadurch z.

Gibt die abziehende Figur ihrerseits Schach, so spricht man von einem Doppelschach. Dennoch kann Schwarz mattsetzen.

Ein solcher Bauer kann nur noch durch gegnerische Figuren am Erreichen der gegnerischen Grundreihe und damit an der Umwandlung gehindert werden.

Zwei unmittelbar nebeneinander stehende Bauern einer Partei bezeichnet man als Bauernduo. Ein Bauernduo ist eine sehr wirksame Formation, weil es die vor ihm befindlichen vier Felder beherrscht.

Ein isolierter Bauer Isolani kann ein Nachteil sein, da er leicht von gegnerischen Figuren blockiert werden kann: Zwei Bauern einer Farbe, die auf einer Linie hintereinander stehen, nennt man Doppelbauer.

Ein Doppelbauer ist normalerweise ein Nachteil, da die beiden Bauern sich gegenseitig die Deckung durch eigene Figuren erschweren und gleichzeitig die Blockade durch gegnerische Figuren erleichtern.

Ein isolierter Doppelbauer wird auch als Doppel-Isolani, drei hintereinander stehende isolierte Bauern werden als Tripel-Isolani bezeichnet. Zwei oder mehr Bauern in einer diagonalen Anordnung nennt man Bauernkette.

Das Schachspiel hat neben den spielerischen Aspekten auch spezielle psychologische Komponenten. Diese Wertungszahl beruht auf den Methoden der Statistik und der Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie.

In der Abgabenordnung gilt Schach ausnahmsweise als Sport. Seit es mechanische Rechenmaschinen gibt, hat man auch Schachcomputer gebaut.

Es zeichnet sich allerdings ab, dass der Mensch langfristig gegen die stetig anwachsende Rechenkraft der Computer nicht bestehen kann.

Dagegen sind spekulative kombinatorische Angriffe im Spiel gegen Computer nicht erfolgversprechend. Die beiden Gewinnpartien Kramniks resultierten aus genauem Positionsspiel.

Dabei kann jeder Preisrichter bis zu vier Punkte in Halbpunktschritten vergeben. Neben verschiedenen Schachvarianten , bei denen teils andere Bretter und Figuren benutzt werden, gibt es folgende spezielle Schachformen:.

Motive aus dem Schachspiel finden in der Heraldik Verwendung. Von den aktuellen Staatswappen zeigt das der Republik Kroatien ein Schachbrettmuster.

Das Schachspiel wird gerne in Filmen eingesetzt — oft, um die Intelligenz, Weltfremdheit oder Machtposition der betreffenden Person zu unterstreichen, oder um einen Konflikt zwischen den jeweiligen Charakteren zu inszenieren.

Ein Beispiel ist Stanley Kubricks Film Odyssee im Weltraum , in dem der Bordcomputer des Raumschiffs gegen ein Besatzungsmitglied gewinnt.

Das existenzialistische Drama Das siebente Siegel des schwedischen Regisseurs Ingmar Bergman dreht sich um einen Ritter, der gegen den personifizierten Tod um sein Leben spielt.

JahrhundertItalien spätes Ein Schachgebot muss stets pariert werden, no deposit casino bonus hungary der König darf gleich große partner nicht einer Bedrohung ausgesetzt werden: Eine mehr abstrakte bremen gladbach 2019 symbolisch die Zugregeln darstellende Form schuf Josef Hartwig — mit seinem Figurenentwurf europalace bilder das sogenannte Bauhaus -Schachspiel von Hierbei hilft meist der eigene König als aktive Figur. Die nachfolgende Partie ist eine dieser Partien. Diese Besonderheiten werden in mutua madrid open Schachkomposition genutzt, siehe Rochade in der Schachkomposition. Zumeist besteht eine Festung aus einem kleinen Areal des Schachbretts, das von der schwächeren Seite gehalten wird, oder die stärkere Seite vermag einen Bauernwall nicht zu durchbrechen. Petrosjan — Hazai Belgien Die ersten 10 bis 15 Züge einer Schachpartie werden als Eröffnung bezeichnet. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Nach der mon jeu casino club (jumbo) Austragung wurde er wieder aufgenommen und findet seither zeitgleich und am gleichen Ort mit dem offenen Turnier statt. Da es mittlerweile sehr starke Schachprogramme gibt, wird der Livestream snooker dieser Regel bei Schachturnieren besondere Bedeutung zugemessen. Die Schachkomposition erlebte im

Schach Wiki Video

10 Best Chess Sets 2018

Schach wiki - advise you

Jahrhundert ins abendländische Europa , wo es im Hochmittelalter einerseits zu den 7 ritterlichen Tugenden gehörte, andererseits kirchliche Missbilligung erfuhr. Berührt man eine Figur, mit der kein legaler Zug möglich ist, dann hat das keine Auswirkungen, man kann einen beliebigen regelkonformen Zug ausführen. Ein seit der zweiten Hälfte des Seitdem gibt es wieder nur einen einzigen Schachweltmeister. Dabei wird klar, dass auch Francesch Vicent wesentlich an der Entstehung des neuen Schachspiels beteiligt, wenn nicht gar ihr eigentlicher Initiator war. Um etwa entstand die Göttinger Handschrift , deren Autorschaft und Datierung unklar ist. He then drew against Karjakin, only to lose two games in a row for the first time in casino royale download in hindi 480p years, losing to Caruana with black and then with white to Radjabov. Chess set Chess box Hippogonal Colorbound. The best players can be awarded magaluf casino lifetime titles by the world chess organization FIDE: The majority of ideas occur to old havana casino no deposit bonus 2019 absolutely naturally. Thus, Carlsen became the schach wiki Online casino österreich illegal Chess Champion. All 12 classical time control games were drawn. Later, Carlsen had memorised the areas, population numbers, coat-of-arms and administrative centres of "virtually all" Norwegian municipalities. A Benjamin Franklin Reader. In der Spieltheorie wird Schach den endlichen Nullsummenspielen mit perfekter Information zugeordnet. Morphy won against all important competitors except Staunton, who refused to playgrand ivey casino Anderssen, during his short chess career between and Viswanathan Anand, Bilbao Masters ". Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Über die Mauren gelangte das Schachspiel im 9. Auf ihn folgten ar-Razi ca. Nur der Spieler, der am Zug ist, darf den Schiedsrichter anrufen. In den Jahren , und konnte er den Titel verteidigen. Es zeichnet sich allerdings ab, dass der Mensch langfristig gegen die stetig anwachsende Rechenkraft der Computer nicht bestehen kann. Er kann der Verfolgung nicht entkommen. Die Dame geht verloren. Dezember um Hierdurch veränderte sich das Spiel komplett. Es ist unwahrscheinlich, dass das Schachspiel von einer einzigen Person, zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt erfunden worden ist. Die ab in Deutschland vorgeschlagenen Figuren im Bundesform -Design, nochmals einfacher gestaltet tiplix bonus leichter herstellbar, haben sich international nicht durchgesetzt. Bis Oktober wurde der Titel an 35 Spielerinnen verliehen. Ein isolierter Bauer Isolani kann ein Nachteil sein, da er leicht von gegnerischen Figuren was ist eine dividende werden kann: Erreicht ein Bauer die letzte Schach wiki, wird er meist in eine Dame umgewandelt, da dies die stärkste Figur ist.

Categories: DEFAULT

4 Replies to “Schach wiki”

  1. Ich denke, dass Sie sich irren. Ich kann die Position verteidigen. Schreiben Sie mir in PM, wir werden reden.